19 Common Business Analyst Interview Questions & Sample Answers 
A business analyst is a professional who oversees both internal and external analyses which provide insight into a business’s health, upcoming threats, market volatility, project revenue, and many other types of business metrics that are insightful to the performance of the business as a whole.
The following interview questions and answers are applicable for the roles of senior business analyst, business analyst, BI analyst, data analyst, and more. It is common in a business analyst job interview to have questions asked by the interviewer specific to testing a candidate's background in the business analyst role. Then asking behavioral interview questions (scenario based question), which can provide the interviewer with insight into how the professional conducts themselves in the workplace.
Business Analyst Interview Questions and Answers
Each interview question below comes with a sample answer. A Business Analyst position should expect to be asked a number of technical questions and behavioral questions in the same interview session.
What is business analysis?
Business analysis is the act of reviewing the business process and the market conditions of a particular business or industry. This can provide helpful insight into the current health and future health of a business.
How did you start your business analyst career?
I started my business analyst career as a programmer who was interested in learning more about business outcomes and finance.
Which technical skills are required for the business analyst position?
Programming, mathematics, and general knowledge of multiple programming languages like Ruby and Python.
What is an activity diagram?
An activity diagram is a graph that shows workflows of stepwise activities and actions with support for choice, iteration and concurrency.
What is a functional requirement?
A functional requirement is a way to describe how a piece of software must work for the business users or software users.
What is a non-functional requirement?
A non-functional requirement is a desired outcome or expected result of the functional requirement.
What are business analytics?
Depending on the type of business, analytics could include income, revenue, visitors, customers, churn rate, turnover rate, cost of acquisition, and many more metrics.
What is gap analysis?
Gap analysis helps business analysis understand where one or more competitors are not competing.
What is requirement elicitation?
In software engineering, requirements elicitation is the practice of researching and discovering the requirements of a system from users, customers, and other stakeholders. This is sometimes referred to as requirements gathering.
How would you deal with a difficult stakeholder?
It’s important to communicate with the stakeholders and determine what their true passions are for the software and the outcomes of the software.
What is a user story?
A user story is a representation of a user, following a verbal description of how a piece of software works or can be used.
How do you groom and set requirement prioritization?
By reviewing company goals or software goals and ensuring that the backlog of software requirements are up to date or needing to be reviewed. Then deleted if out of date.
What is agile methodology and the waterfall method or waterfall model?
Agile methodology is the act of continuous improvement. Or always delivering software. When waterfall is when software is delivered after a large amount of time.
What is analytical reporting?
Analytical reporting can mean any number of things for a business. Let’s say the business were a newspaper, the analytical reporting may be around programmatic revenue or page views.
What is your process for requirement gathering?
Ask all users their input, follow what they are attempting to accomplish, then write down those user stories and begin to groom them down to synergies.
What is your process for business model analysis?
Reviewing market conditions, product or service history, revenue, cost per unit, and total addressable market.
What is the requirement traceability matrix?
The requirement traceability matrix (or RTM) is a document that maps and traces user requirements with test cases. It is an additional way of gathering a business requirement.
What is UML modeling?
Unified Modeling Language is a general-purpose, developmental, modeling language in the field of software engineering that is intended to provide a standard way to visualize the design of a system.
How do you handle trimming a project scope?
By determining what level of priority a particular piece of software is going to be used in. The least used object in the software should be prioritized lower, making the scope smaller. This can be reviewed with the project team before making any decisions.
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